After the election period is over and it’s time to tally the votes

After the election period is over and it’s time to tally the votes, the electronic voting machines are brought out, the seals opened and the vote counts for each control unit are read out from its display board. Testing can reveal only some problems, and the absence of problems during testing does not mean that problems do not exist. It is intended for the single purpose of voting and specially designed for that, rather than relying on a standard operating system like Windows, which needs to be regularly updated to patch detected security vulnerabilities.New Delhi: About 600 million Indian citizens are expected to cast their votes over a period of 39 days ending May 19, in the ongoing election for their country’s parliament. (Photo:AP)As I and others have observed, when the machines are being made, there are a number of opportunities for someone to physically tamper with an electronic voting machine in ways that preelection device testing might not detect. Election workers hand-tally these individual machine totals to obtain the election results for each constituency. With 900 million of Indias 1.When it’s time for the polling place to close at the end of the voting day, each electronic voting machine device and paper-record storage box is sealed with wax and tape bearing the signatures of representatives of the various candidates in that election, and stored under armed guard. However, it is possible to make changes that will not be detected.A woman tests an electronic voting machine in India in advance of that country’s national elections.) Opposition parties have asked the Supreme Court to order audits of half of all electronic voting machines, but that may not happen with this year’s election. Then the paper is dropped into a locked storage box. Indians were voting Monday in the fourth phase of a staggered national election.Each machine requires only a connection between a balloting unit and a control unit; there are no provisions to connect an electronic voting machine to a computer network, much less the internet – including wirelessly. (Photo:AP)Security protections – and concernsThe Indian electronic voting machine primarily runs on specialized hardware and firmware, unlike the voting machines used in the U. The chips for the machines are manufactured outside India. The Election Commission of India has repeatedly claimed that the electronic voting machines are tamper-proof. (This article featured in Global Perspective- The Conversation).The first version of the Indian electronic voting machine debuted in the state election in Kerala in 1982. A 2013 Supreme Court directive asked the Election Commission to create that process to protect the integrity of the balloting process. The Election Commission should certainly continue to improve testing and provide public reports of independent testing.After each button press, a printer prints out the voter’s choice on paper and displays it to the voter for a few seconds, so the person may verify that the vote was recorded correctly.An Indian election official displays a sample paper record of an electronic ballot during a demonstration of how the equipment works.After polling concludes, India’s electronic voting machines are sealed with a very old-fashioned technology.An elderly Indian citizen is assisted by a polling staff as she prepares to leave after voting at a polling center during the fourth phase of general elections in Mumbai, India, Monday, April 29, 2019. In particular, the simplicity of the design allows for simple attacks, such as intercepting and modifying the signal carried over the machine’s cable. Parties that lose elections often suspect malfeasance and question the equipment. Now they’re used in elections throughout the country, which happen on different days in different areas. The machines’ software is designed, written and tested at two electronics companies owned by the government of India: Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of India Limited. In earlier versions of the machine, the chip manufacturer also wrote the machine code into the chip; today the electronics companies do it themselves.While the electronic voting machine system is useful and functional, officials and observers shouldn’t assume there’s no way to tamper with the results. (Photo:AP)How does it work?When a voter arrives at the polling place, she presents a photo ID and the poll officer checks that she is on the electoral roll. India uses a domestically designed and manufactured electronic voting machine – as many as 4 million of them at 1 million polling places, at least some in extremely remote locations. There are roughly 900 million eligible voters, and the country has typically seen about two-thirds of them turn out to polling places. (This means about 1 per cent or 2 per cent of each constituency’s machines will be tested.Auditing the machines’ resultsThere is, however, a mechanism for detecting attacks – that printed-out paper bearing the vote and stored securely with the electronic equipment.The balloting unit has a very simple user interface: a series of buttons with candidate names and symbols. However, a scholarly study has demonstrated there are ways to rig the machines., which are software-intensive.I have been working on the security of electronic voting systems for more than 15 years, and, along with other colleagues, have been interested in understanding how a nation can tally that many votes cast over such a long period.The Election Commission of India argues that any manipulation or error would be detected because the electronic voting machine is tested frequently and candidate representatives have opportunities to participate in mock elections immediately before a machine is used in a real election. When it’s her turn to vote, a polling official uses an electronic voting machine’s control unit to unlock its balloting unit, ready to accept her vote.In each constituency, five electronic voting machines will have their results audited by comparing a manual count of the printouts with the electronic tallies.S.At any China small bearing Manufacturers time during manufacture, testing and maintenance, it may be possible to introduce counterfeit chips or swap out other components that could let hackers alter the results.Different areas of India vote on seven different days, over the course of a 39-day election period.The Election Commission has not made public any independent security evaluations, so it’s unclear exactly what is – or isn’t – possible. However, because no technology can be tamper-proof, each election outcome should be verified by a manual audit, to ensure that the results are correct, whatever they may be.This design does offer some protections against possible tampering with how votes are recorded and tallied.Indian voters line up outside a polling booth in Mumbai, India, Monday, April 29, 2019.The whole system runs on a battery, so it does not need to be plugged in. The voting over seven phases ends May 19, with counting scheduled for May 23.3 billion people registered to vote, the Indian national election is the worlds largest democratic exercise. To vote, the voter simply presses the button next to the candidate of her choice.Indian men stand in queue to cast their votes at a polling booth in Bardhaman east constituency, West Bengal state, India, Monday, April 29, 2019
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